Saturn Devouring His Sons. Francisco Goya circa 1819-1823. Image source: Wikipedia.
As we travel outwards in the solar system, we travel back in mythological time. This week we learn about Jupiter/Zeus’ father, Saturn/Kronos. The Greek and Roman depictions of him are quite different: Roman mythology emphasizes his agricultural connections and associates him with a Golden Age of mankind, whereas the Greek poet Hesiod depicts him as a tyrant.
Hesiod Theogony 126-138, 158-187, 453-473
Virgil Aeneid 8.415-433
Ovid Metamorphoses 1
Hesiod. Theogony. Trans. Richard Caldwell & Stephanie Nelson. Newburyport MA: Focus Publishing, 2009.
Ovid. Metamorphoses. Trans. A. D. Melville. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Virgil. Aeneid. Trans. Robert Fitzgerald. New York: Vintage Classics, 1990.
NASA. “Saturn.” http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/saturn
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