The most significant events in the history of books on the 9th of November
1818: Ivan Turgenev is born. When the Russian novelist (author of Fathers and Sons) died, his brain was weighted and it was found that he had the heaviest brain on record.
1832: Émile Gaboriau is born. Gaboriau was a pioneer of detective fiction and the creator of Lecoq, one of the earliest detectives in all fiction (though Edgar Allan Poe’s Dupin preceded him and was certainly an influence on Gaboriau). Lecoq is dismissed as ‘a miserable bungler’ by Sherlock Holmes in Conan Doyle’s first novel featuring the famous detective, A Study in Scarlet.
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